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There are an estimated 120 million children worldwide who live on the streets (30 million in Africa, 30 Million in Asia and 600 million in South America). They are often victims of abuse, but these children also have rights
Street children are minors who live and survive on the street. They often grow up in public dumos , train stations or under the bridges of the worlds major cities. Because of conflicts with their family. These children cannot or do nor want to return home.
Street children face a variety of problems. In fact they are at high risk in an environment that is generally considered dangerous.
Les enfants des rues n’ont souvent pas accès à une alimentation saine et en quantité suffisante. En outre, il arrive qu’ils ne disposent pas du tout de nourriture, car, vivant dans les rues, ils n’en produisent pas et n’ont pas d’argent pour en acheter.
Par ailleurs, les enfants ne bénéficient pas d’un régime alimentaire équilibré; ils mangent ce qu’ils trouvent. Parfois même, lorsqu’ils ont le choix, ils privilégient des produits non recommandés, tels que des glaces, gâteaux, etc. et encourent ainsi un risque de malnutrition. Des problèmes de croissance sont également courants chez ces enfants.
The health of children who are growing up on the street is a huge risk. Since they lack access to sanitary facilities they are expose to dirt and infection as well as flea infestation. The lack of hygiene also increases the risk of illness. Their health is often in a state of concern without a family who look after them, they have to take care of themselves. In addition many street children try to escape reality by consuming cannabis or alcohol and by inhaling gases and vapors. These extreme conditions not only have a bad impact on their physical and mental development but also on their cultural economic progress.
Street children have a lack of education. As a result they do not have the same opportunities as other children. Indeed the lack of future prospects and the absence of vocational training hamper their chances of finding a job and leaving the streets permanently.
People talk badly about us. They blame us for everything and call us “wad-bi or drogue-gnoudba”. Considered outsiders, street children are often victims of discrimination.
Basically, adults have prejudices with “street children”. This is why they often associated with the dangers of the road. It is difficult for these children to reintegrate into society.
rueThe problem of street children depends on their situation not their status. In fact every child has its own story that cannot be generalized. Therefore is the successful care of street children depending on the different situation or -in other words-on the different “profiles” of the children . That is why it is important to understand the relationship the child has with the street.
In order to better understand children who live and grow up on the street it is fundamentally important to involve them in the work and try to understand them and their social circumstances.
This article was published by Humanium in french: humanium.org/de/en/enfants-des-rues/